批评性语篇分析的修辞维度研究

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出版社:外语教学与研究出版社
出版日期:2011-8
ISBN:9787513511520
作者:李艳芳
页数:198页

章节摘录

  6.1 Three Perspectives on the Relationship between Metaphor and "Realitv"  6.1.1 Description-oriented View of Metaphor  In Western thought, scrutiny of metaphor goes as far back as the Sophists, Plato and, most notably, Aristotle. Investigations persist today, with metaphor being a popular topic of inquiry in the natural and social sciences,in linguistics, psychology, philosophy and literary theory, amongst others.  Etymologically, "metaphor" derives from the Greek metaphora (meta - "over"  and "phora" - "to carry") and generally denotes a process of creative  comparisons or tropes of resemblance between different objects, contexts  and/or experiences. Along these lines, Burke summarizes metaphor as "a  device of seeing something in terms of something else" (A Grammar ofMotives 503). Despite the varying emphasis of different theories of metaphor,they all generally consider metaphor to express the unfamiliar (and at times abstract) in terms of the familiar or to create novel expressions and understandings by comparing dissimilar objects and/or phenomena. The terminology may differ-"tenor" and "vehicle:' "focus" and "frame" or "target" and "source" domains-but there appears to be an underlying agreement that metaphors graft together different fields of meaning.  Despite this general agreement, the theoretical underpinning of major  strands of thought on metaphor diverge considerably. A useful way to distinguish between them is by examining their views regarding the relationship between metaphor and "reality." This yields three broad, but not mutually exclusive, perspectives: 1) theories that focus on metaphors' power to describe reality; 2) theories that examine metaphors' capaaty to constitute reality; and 3) theories that propose metaphors' potential as a means of criticizing and transforming reality. In this section, we briefly overview these perspectives and the relationships between them in order to lay the groundwork for metaphor's role in establishing, maintaining and modifying ideology which shall be studied  and explored later.  ……

书籍目录

AcknowledgementsList of Figures and TablesChapter 1 Introduction1.1 Origin and Rationale for the Present Study1.2 Objectives of the Present Study1.3 Research Methodology1.4 Organization of the DissertationChapter 2 Literature Review2.1 Intellectual Background for CDA2.1.1 Linguistic Turn in Intellectual Climate2.1.2 Rhetorical Turn in Discourse Studies2.1.3 Critical Turn in the Study of Discourse2.2 CDA: An Overview2.2.1 Genesis of Critical Discourse Analysis2.2.2 A Diverse Picture of Research on CDA abroad2.2.3 Research on CDA at Home2.2.4 Research on Metaphor in CDA2.2.5 Critical Response to CDA2.3 Introduction of the Rhetorical Perspective2.3.1 Discourse Analysis and Rhetorical Criticism:Where They Converge and Diverge2.3.2 Shared Focus between CDA and Critical Rhetoric2.4 SummaryChapter 3 the oreticaI Preliminaries3.1 Defining Key Concepts3.1.1 Discourse3.1.2 Power3.1.3 Ideology3.1.4 Being Critical3.2 Ideology and the Seal Construction of Meaning3.2.1 The Critical Turn in the Study of Communication3.2.2 Language as a Site of Social Struggle3.2.3 Ideology as a Conceptual Link betweenCommunication and Power3.3 The Possibility of Rhetorical lntervention3.4 Ideology, Symbolic Action and Agency3.5 SummaryChapter 4 Rhetoric, Power and Ideology4.1 An Evolving Conception of Rhetoric4.1.1 A Glimpse of Classical Rhetoric4.1.2 An Overview of Rhetoric in Contemporary Times4.1.3 Three Perspectives of Rhetorical Studies4.2 Problematning "Rhetoric as Epistemic4.3 From a Pragmatic View of Rhetoric to Rhetorical Materialism4.3.1 A Turn in Rhetorical Paradigm4.3.2 An Anatomy of Rhetorical Materialism4.3.3 Comparing a Pragmatic Theory of Rhetoric andRhetorical Materialism4.4 A Running Theme in Rhetoric4.4.1 The Self-effacement of Rhetoric4.4.2 Rhetoric and Power4.4.2.1 Rhetoric as Power Articulation……Chapter 5Deconstruction and Reconstruction:Kenneth Burke's Implication for CDAChapter 6 Metaphor as Terministic ScreenChapter 7 Theoretical Model in ActionChapter 8 Conclusions and Implications

作者简介

本书通过汲取古典修辞学理论、美国新修辞学、传播研究和文化研究等相关理论,对修辞学视角对CDA的补充主完善进行了尝试性探讨;论述了本研究的理论基础是将意识形态看作是传播和权力的概念联系,从而确立意识形态与意义的社会建构之间的内在联系;通过对修辞认知性的问题化£

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